Travel: How to Choose a Mountain Bike for Beginners

Last updated: Mar, Fri, 2017

How to choose a next mountain bike for beginner? Many riders prefer the clean air and interesting and challenging terrain that can only be experienced by going off-road. Mountain biking is good for your body, and good for your mind.

A mountain bike, also known as an MTB, is designed for riding off-road tracks and trails. An upright riding position and stable handling characteristics offer control on uneven ground, chunky tyres offer grip on loose surfaces while suspension helps to smooth out the bumps on the trail.

We each have our own style of biking, fitness level and budget. Mountain bikes have a wider range of gears than road bikes which makes climbing steep hills easier, while braking tends to be more powerful than on their road cousins.

You’ll learn how to differentiate between the various mountain bike types, wheel sizes and suspension to help you make an informed purchasing decision, and you’ll learn what you can do once you’ve chosen your ideal mountain bike.

types

Mountain bikes basically come in three flavors: full suspension, front suspension, and rigid. Full suspension bikes have a suspension fork as well as a rear shock. Generally speaking, the more technically demanding the terrain the more suspension travel you will need. Best for Hard rides on rough trails, high-speed descents.

Front suspension bikes (usually called hardtail bikes) have a front suspension fork, but no rear shock. These are the simplest and most affordable mountain bikes but can also be the fastest on certain types of terrain such a relatively smooth trails, XC loops and efficient hill climbing.

Rigid bikes don’t have suspension forks or rear shocks. The common type is fat-tires. Their giant, “fat” tires roll over virtually anything, which makes them an ideal winter mode of transportation.

suspension Paying for Performance

Suspension compress to absorb impacts from bumps, cracks, ruts and obstacles. That is the primary indicator for your choice of next mountain bikes, suspension quality has a major impact on its price.

Short-travel suspension (less than 120mm) suspension provides all-round riding performance with an emphasis on smooth trails and going uphill. Long-travel suspension (greater than 120mm) is best for descending rough terrain at high speeds with greater control. The longer the front travel, the stronger the emphasis is toward descending.

Adding suspension to a bike is always a trade off. You get increased comfort and control, but it adds weight and complexity, and it can make the bike pedal less efficiently. That mean modern suspension is efficient enough, lightweight enough, and reliable enough that, for many people, the benefits of suspension outweigh the downsides.

The suspension on entry level bikes is often quite harsh as well as being heavy, but as you move up the price points the suspension becomes progressively plusher and lighter weight. There are major differences between suspension forks and shocks across the various price points. High-end models have superior technical design and construction and offer a longer life with regular maintenance and servicing.

Amount of Suspension

Some of the basic terms to talk about suspension:

As bikes became more efficient, the amount of suspension increased. Different suspension amounts handle different rock, roots and so on bumps terrain. Their technical requirements and prices are also increasing though.

Unlike the road bikes, a mountain bike is a technical product and, the wildly varying prices and mix-matched groupsets of hardtail and dual suspension bikes, we don’t recommend choosing a bike based on its drivetrain components or groupset.

wheel sizes

The different mountain bike wheel sizes offer different advantages and disadvantages. Historically, mountain bikes had wheels that were 26 inches in diameter. In the late 1990s though, people started to experiment with larger wheel sizes – namely 29 inch wheels (29ers).

Larger wheels roll over obstacles more easily, and although they are slightly heavier and a bit less responsive, the new standard quickly grew in popularity, this was because of its ability to provide better traction and speed. 29ers are ideal for hardtails and are popular with cross country racers.

Although 29 inch wheels became popular with cross-country riders, downhill racers largely stuck with 26 inch wheels. This split was because of the nature of downhill riding, which demands ‘snappier’ handling — 26” wheels met these demands best — its is strong, nimble and quick to accelerate but is significantly slower rolling over bumpy terrain.

Then, in the mid-2000’s, bike manufacturers brought in a half-way-house option… the 27.5 inch (650b) wheeled bike. This new standard has become the most popular with Trail, Enduro and Downhill bikes, as it offers the ideal balance between rapid rolling performance and nimble handling characteristics.

29er (two-niners) are mountain bikes that are built to use two 700c (622 mm ISO, inside rim diameter) wheels, and an outside tire diameter of about 28 inches. The name “29er” comes from a bicycle called the Two Niner, which was offered by the Fisher bike company in 2001, according to 1998 Mountain Bike Hall of Fame inductee Don Cook.

overall

From the above generalizations, we can know that if you are a beginner want to enter the mountain cycling, and are looking for a entry level mountain bike then you should be choice a 27.5″ or 29er size cross-country bike with 80mm ~ 100mm travel. While Choice the full or hardtail that according to the terrain smooth or rough whether or not.

Of course, you can also choose a 120mm travel hardtail mountain bike to avoid after your level of promotion to spend more money. Good new, our an other article that has collected some that is good for the bike there, you can save your wallet and time.

Groupsets

Despite we don’t recommend choosing a bike based on its drivetrain components or groupset, but it is one of the factors contributing to the price of mountain bikes (The other two are bike frame material and suspensions). So let’s take a little comprehend the mountain bike groupsets hierarchy and its price.

It is more common to see complete groupsets on road bikes. When it comes to mountain bikes, however, brands usually mix and match parts from various groups — and in some cases different brands — to suit the bike’s intended use and meet a specific price point.

Mountain bike groupsets are divided into two major brands: Shimano and SRAM, with each one offering a plentiful lineup of choices. Like most components, groupsets vary in price a great deal. The different groupsets can be described in three distinct aspects: Quality, Purpose and Price.

Either way, there is seemingly no clear cut way of declaring a winner between Shimano and SRAM other than by going with your own personal preference… If you haven’t yet ridden enough to have a personal preference, then you’ll not be missing out by going for either of these component brands!

Traditionally mountain bikes had triple chainrings on the front in order to offer such comprehensive gearing. However, as the number and size of the cogs on the rear cassette has increased, the need for multiple chainrings up front has diminished.

So most high end MTBs now only feature a single ring up front, the advantage of a single chainring up front is that is simplifies shifting, reduces weight and offers improved chain security when riding over rough terrain. The theory being that more experienced riders use gears based on ‘feel’ and don’t need numbers or indicators to help them.

This table is just a rough guide to get you started.

Shimano SRAM Purpose Quality Price
Acera (catalogue number M390, 9-speeds) Pre-entry level General $
Alivio (M430, 9sp) X4 Entry level Average $$
Deore (M610, 10sp) X5 RECREATION Good $$+
SLX (M700, 10sp) X7 Trail Better $$$
Deore XT (M8000, 11sp) X9 Trail/PERFORMANCE Excellent $$$+
Deore XTR (M9000, 11sp) XX/X0 RACE Best $$$$$